Monday, June 6, 2011

Practice Theories

            Social workers use practice theories and intervention to examine and test knowledge. Social workers use selective of intervention theories and models based on how well the intervention is match their client’s problems and extract to the empirical research. This is helpful because it will allow them to affective social models that are mainly important because it incorporates elements of different practice theories including systems theories that state the principals of the guide intervention of the client. 
There are four in cognitive learning mechanism that is a form of learning. The four learning mechanism can consist of intentional, performance, reinforcement that is external reinforcement that is not necessarily learning to increase probabilities that a learning behavior will perform.
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Behavior is described to be a reinforced for its successful performance that can increase the feeling of self that will allow it to have accomplishment and self-esteem. While dealing with clients you should be able to stretch the fact of confidentiality but not pertaining to group therapy. When having group conflicts the group member should allow it to be discuss it within the group members that are there. When discussion the problems itself and underlying the problem which the group leader should respond.
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Behavioral therapies state that previous behaviors can be unlearned or changed. Behavior assessments differ from traditional assessments. Behavioral assessments focus on generational specific responses while traditional focuses on global traits. The focal objective for developing a child’s energy serves to define five main stages of psychological development. In the oral stage the child’s age ranges from zero to eighteen months. In the anal stage, the child’s age ranges from eighteen months to three and half years. In the phallic stage the child’s age ranges from three and a half years to six years of age. In the latency stage the child age ranges from six years to puberty. Finally, in the genital the age ranges from puberty to adulthood.
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Behavioral therapist is view as a maladaptive behavior as learning or can consist of being unlearned. The assessment of behavioral is different from traditional assessment while it can focus on global traits and behavioral responses that is focus on behavioral aspect of life. This allows an opportunity for the client to have support and reinsurance to relate to others in different ways.  By using behavioral family therapy the family therapist is clarified as an environmental factor that plays in the client’s life.

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The psychosocial work theory model incorporates the elements of many different practice theories, such as the system theory, role theory, and existential psychology this is a set of principles that guide intervention. When becoming a social worker it is more likely for psycho social principles to be involved in their practice that best fit their client’s issues. The psycho social model is related to both social causes and psychological of dysfunction. In the treatment the client’s will development different insights this will change throughout the environment in different relationships from within. As a social worker you will take different approaches along the way, when dealing with different behavioral pattern will lead to the changes that will affect the client’s development.
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Each psychosexual stage has three main parts. First, a physical focus: where the child’s energy is concentrated and their gratification obtained. Second, a psychological theme: this is related to both the physical focus and the demands being made on the child by the outside world as he/she develops.  For each stage, there can be two extremes in psychological reaction - either doing too much or not enough of what is ideal. Third, an adult character type: in the first three stages this adult character type is one that is related to being

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Defense mechanisms are unconscious psychological strategies brought into play by various entities to cope with reality and to maintain self-image. Healthy pepeople normally use different defenses throughout life. An ego defense mechanism becomes pathological only when its persistent use leads to maladaptive behavior such that the physical and/or mental health of the individual is adversely affected. The purpose of ego defense mechanisms is to protect the mind-self-ego from anxiety, social sanctions or to provide a refuge from a situation with which one cannot currently cope. Ego defense mechanisms, occurs when the id impulses are in conflict with each other, when the id impulses conflict with super-ego values and beliefs, and when an external threat is posed to the ego.
What is most interesting about this podcast?
The most interesting portion of this podcast was the discussion on the psychosocial stages. The psychosocial theory was developed by Erik Erickson and states that development in and interaction with a social environment. The individual is not necessarily fully aware of this relationship with his or her environment. This is one of the first theories I learned about in psychology and it is interesting how knowledge is applied across the board.
What can you share with other students about this podcast?
If I were to share something from this podcast with other student it would be the importance of theories. Theories help define social work as well as all profession practices. Theories can be conceptualized as the frame work of any profession, therefore without theories social work would not have a foundation.  In conclusion it is important for all students to understand the concept of theories so that they will be able to apply them during their practicum experience.

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